Net Profit Margin

Net Profit Margin is a measure of a company's profitability. It compares the company's Net Income to its Total Revenue.

Net Income is the Total Revenue and Gains minus the Expenses and Losses. Total Revenue is the selling price of the company's products times the quantity sold. For companies that are not in the financial industry, the Net Profit Margin must be greater than 20% for companies with a Durable Competitive Advantage or greater than 10% for undiscovered companies. More is better.

However, if the company is in the financial industry and this ratio is too high, their risk management department is slacking off. Use a ratio less than 20% as a guide. Anything larger than 20% means the financial company could be taking more risks. Financial companies that are taking on more risk is not a good thing. Companies in the financial industry are banks, investment banking firms, securities firms, brokerage, and mortgage banking firms. In essence, when a bank makes too much money, you should be afraid.

 

Equations

 

For companies with a Durable Competitive Advantage:

Net Profit Margin

 

For undiscovered or good companies:

Net Profit Margin for Undiscovered Companies

 

For banks and financial institutions, use a ratio of less than 20% as a guide:

Net Profit Margin for Financial Institutions

 

Example 1

Coca-Cola earned $11.809 Billion in Net Income out of $35.119 Billion in Total Revenue for the year 2010.

 

Date: Year 2010
Company: Coca-Cola
Net Income: $11.809 Billion
Total Revenue: $35.119 Billion

 

Net Profit Margin of Cola-Cola

 

Coca-Cola's Net Income to Total Revenue Ratio is 33.6% which is greater than 20%. They have a great business.

 

Example 2

IBM earned $15.855 Billion in Net Income out of $106.916 Billion in Total Revenue for the year 2011.

 

Date: Year 2011
Company: IBM
Net Income: $15.855 Billion
Total Revenue: $106.916 Billion

 

Net Profit  Margin of IBM

 

IBM's Net Income to Total Revenue Ratio is 14.8% even though it is less than 20%, it is still greater than 10%. IBM is a good company that could potentially be great investment. There are other factors that needs to be verified to see if this company has a Durable Competitive Advantage.

 

Example 3

Google earned $9.737 Billion out of $37.905 Billion Total Revenue in the year 2011.

 

Date: Year 2011
Company: Google
Net Income: $9.737 Billion
Total Revenue: $37.905 Billion

 

Net Profit Margin of Google

 

Google's Net Income to Total Revenue Ratio is 25.6%, which is greater 20%. This is could be an indication of a great company. However, Google does not pay out dividends to their shareholders at this time, so it is least likely that Warren Buffet would purchase shares in this company.

 

Example 4

Date: Year 2002, 2003, and 2004
Company: Bank of America

Net Profit Margin of Bank of America
Source: MSN Money

 

Year 2002: Bank of America's Net Profit Margin was below 20%. They had a great business.

Net Profit Margin of Bank of America in 2002

 

Year 2003: Bank of America's Net Profit Margin rose above 20%. The company took on more risk.

Net Profit Margin of Bank of America in 2003

 

Year 2004: Bank of America's  Net Profit Margin was still above 20%. The company continued to take on more risk.

Net Profit Margin of Bank of America in 2004

 

During the years 2007 to 2010, at the height of the Financial Crisis, Bank of America's profit plunged because of their risky investments and had to be bailed out by the U.S Government to save it from bankruptcy.

 

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